In our paper on people smuggling, we analyse the way in which Indonesian judges have defied the legislature and sought to retain judicial discretion in sentencing practises for people smuggling cases, at times handing down a prison sentence less than the five year minimum. While this creates legal uncertainty and does not promote the rule of law, it has meant that an accused has a greater chance of the circumstances of their case being taken into consideration at the sentencing stage of a trial for the offence of people smuggling. This is important, given that most people who are brought to court are small actors in contrast to the bigger networks of people smugglers. This provides a comparative point of reflection on sentencing practises for people smuggling, given that Australia’s High Court recently upheld mandatory sentencing for people smuggling offences, despite the fact that judges and human rights organisations have spoken out against the mandatory minimum sentence.
Covid-19 is currently disrupting academic publishing in a number of ways. There are disruptions to the global supply chain for the manufacture and distribution of printed journals. The following publishers have halted journal printing until further notice: Cambridge University Press (from 25 March 2020) Taylor & Francis (from 10 April) S ome journal editors or editing boards have suspended or delayed the review or publication process for academic journals. On the other hand, some publishers are providing open access content for a limited period of time. See the following links from the UNSW library and the ANU library , or select publishers websites such as OUP . The University of California Press has opened free access to all its journals until the end of June 2020 Hart Publishing is currently offering free access for libraries to its online platform, Bloomsbury Collections , until the end of May. To enable access for your institution, email Hart at O